Jun 22, 2010

SCOPE OF GENETIC ENGINEERING IN INDIA

Hi.didn't like medicine? Don't worry.you have genetic engineering.Have you heared of any job that yields a salary of 1 lakh per hour.Its by genetic engineering.Its all about councelling.A couple may not have a child.Your word will make them confident.All other persons with various genetical disorders approach A GENETIC ENGINEER.The above stated position needs some hard work. Its a fast growing field.As the outcome of students per year is too low,job is quite sure for you.I recommend you to join genetic engineering if you have a thirst of a different menality and a strong interest in genetics. Only a very few colleges give this course.Here are the top 10

Here are the top 10 for 2009:

1. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

2. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

3. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

4. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

5. Indian Institute of Technology, chennai

6. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

7. Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee

8. Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University

9. College of Engineering, Anna University

10. Jadavpur University, Faculty of Engineering & Technology





GENETIC ENGINEERING

Genetic Engineering (GE) is a highly complicated and advanced branch of science which involves a wide range of techniques used in changing the genetic material in the DNA code in a living organism. 'Genetic Engineering' means the deliberate modification of the characters of an organism by the manipulation of its genetic material. Genetic engineering comes under the broad heading of Biotechnology. There is a great scope in this field as the demand for genetic engineers are growing in India as well as abroad.



A cell is the smallest living unit, the basic structural and functional unit of all living matter, whether a plant, an animal, humans or a fungus. While some organisms are single celled, others like plants, animals, humans etc are made up of a lot more cells. For eg humans have approximately 3 million cells. A cell is composed of a 'cell membrane' enclosing the whole cell, many 'organelles' equivalent to the organs in the body and a 'nucleus' which is the command centre of the cell. Inside the nucleus are the chromosomes which is the storage place for all genetic (hereditary) information which determines the nature and characteristics of an organism. This information is written along the thin thread, called DNA, a nucleic acid which constitutes the genes (units of heredity). The DNA governs cell growth and is responsible for the transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next.

Genetic engineering aims to re-arrange the sequence of DNA in gene using artificial methods. The work of a genetic engineer involves extracting the DNA out of one organism, changing it using chemicals or radiation and subsequently putting it back into the same or a different organism. For eg: genes and segments of DNA from one species is taken and put into another species. They also study how traits and characteristics are transmitted through the generations, and how genetic disorders are caused. Their research involves researching the causes and discovering potential cures if any.

Genetic engineering have specialisations related to plants, animals and human beings. Genetic engineering in plants and animals may be to improve certain natural characteristics of value, to increase resistance to disease or damage and to develop new characteristics etc. It is used to change the colour, size, texture etc of plants otherwise known as GM (Genetically Modified) foods. GE in humans can be to correct severe hereditary defects by introducing normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones.

Eligibility : The basic eligibility criteria for a graduate degree (BE / B.Tech) is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with biology, Chemistry and Mathematics as well as genetics as part of the biology OR a bachelors degree in science or molecular biology. Post-graduate and doctoral programmes in Genetic Engineering are offered by several institutes across the country. You can also opt for a graduation (MSc in Genetic Engineering, Human Genetics, Genetic and Plant Breeding, etc).



In addition, most universities in India offer post graduate and doctoral programs in Biotechnology, wherein genetic engineering is one subsidiary covered in the syllabus and could be taken as a specialisation later. The eligibility criteria for an MSc is a BSc in Genetics or a related subject. Eligibility for getting into the BE/BTech courses in Biotechnology is 10+2 and merit ranking in the appropriate entrance exam.



Career Options & Job Prospects : There is an increasing demand for genetic engineers in India as well as abroad. Genetic engineers are mainly absorbed in medical and pharmaceutical industries, the agricultural sector, and the research and development departments of the government and private sectors. They can also take up teaching as an option.









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